Neuro Humanities Studies

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Grazia Pulvirenti, Renata Gambino, The paradox of Romantic ekphrasis. Metacritic discourse, perception and imagination in art descripti


Ekphrasis is a text genre based on the intertwining of visual and verbal features, involving the processes of both reading, and priming a visual image or a related action. We argue in this study that...

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Massimo Salgaro,

Stories without Words: Narratives of the Brain


Source: Cognitive Philology, 2
Year: 2009
Topics: Cognition;
Disciplines: Literature;

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The task of the present essay is to outline the neural processes entailed in the making and consumption of stories in three spheres: 1) in the foundation of subjectivity, 2) in the interaction between subject and object, and 3) in the relationship with ambiguous, absent or possible objects. The neural narratives related to the foundation of subjectivity are insightfully described in the researches of Daniel Dennett, Israel Rosenfield and Antonio Damasio (1). During the last ten years researchers at the University of Parma, like Giacomo Rizzolatti, Vittorio Gallese and others have shown that when we observe objects or someone interacting with an object we evoke the most suitable motor program required to interact with them. Looking at objects means to unconsciously ‘simulate’ at a neural level a potential action. Consequently our brain “writes” stories before we act, or even if we do not act at all (2). The neural narrations do not concern only a mere relation between subject and object wherein the object is present and handy. Infact, the researches of Semir Zeki have proven that “ambiguity” is not only a feature of a literary text and a tool of literary criticism, but, more importantly, “ambiguity” indicates the capacity of the brain to allow multiple perceptual interpretations of an object (3).

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